IELTS Reading – Cách làm bài Matchings/Classification

Dạng bài Matchings trong ielts readingdạng bài classification trong IELTS Reading yêu cầu bạn nối giữa các câu với các mục trong khung. Trong đó, các câu thường được đánh số thứ tự 1, 2, 3…, các mục trong khung là A, B, C… Các mục ở trong khung có thể là không được sử dụng hết và 1 mục chỉ được sử dụng duy nhất một lần.

Có rất nhiều khả năng có thể xảy ra nhưng việc nối tên người với các câu là dạng bài phổ biến nhất.

Chiến thuật tiếp cận Matchings/Classification trong IELTS Reading

Matchings/Classification mục đích là kiểm tra hiểu biết của bạn về những nội dung, ý tưởng trong bài đọc. Nên kỹ năng cần thiết cho dạng bài này đó là “SCANNING” hay nói cách khác là kỹ năng đọc và tìm thông tin cụ thể cho phù hợp với tiêu đề

  • Đối với này các bạn cũng cần lưu ý đến hướng dẫn trong bài, ví dụ: “bạn có thể sử dụng bất ký lựa chọn nào đó nhiều hơn một lần” chẳng hạn, điều này có nghĩa là một câu trả lời có thể sử dụng nhiều lần.
  • Đọc lướt qua các tiêu đề là công việc đầu tiên giúp bạn có nhận thức về cái mà mình cần đi tìm câu trả lời sau đó – gạch chân từ khóa (nếu có), nhớ được các tiêu đề này là một điều có ích rất lớn vì nó sẽ cung cấp cho bạn ý tưởng về những gì mà bạn sẽ tìm kiếm trong câu trả lời.
  • Scan bài đọc. Một vài cách tiếp cận để tìm ra câu trả lời mà các bạn có thể làm như: chú ý đến nghĩa của câu; đến các từ đồng nghĩa, trái nghĩa; hay đến ngữ pháp có trong bài đọc.
  • Nên gạch đi các câu trả lời đã được lựa chọn.

Bài tập mẫu Matchings/Classification trong IELTS Reading

2.1 Bài mẫu dạng bài Matching names

ielts-reading-matching-names

Look at the following people and the list of statements below.

Match each person with the correct statement.

1. Many Marcano
A. claims that old products need to be redesigned
2. Harey StoneB. claims that customers will want a RoHS complaint product
3. Ken StanvickC. states that many products will be RoHS exempt
D. predicts that design engineers will like RoHS
E. claims that more knowledge about Pb-free systems is needed

1. What is comes down to is what Ken Stanvick, senior vice president at Design Chain Associates, calls a lack of ‘tribal knowledge’ on design RoHS-complaint systems. ‘We had a great tribal knowledge when it came to dealing with leaded systems, but we haven’t built up that same amount of knowledge for Pb-free’, he said. ‘Every problem will be blamed on Pb-free until it’s been worked out. We need to figure our tests that replicate more of the environment and different stresses that we’re going to see in this new system.’
2. Manny Marcano, president and CEO of EMA Design Automation Inc., cited the impact of parts obsolescence, including the need to redesign older products and the resultant emphasis on component engineering at the expense of conceptual design. A key challenge is identifying RoHS design specifications as early as possible in the design process, he said.
3. The products developer’s RoHS concerns center on the fear of lost revenue – from a products ban, a customer who demands a RoHS-complaint product that the company doesn’t have, or competittion’,  said Harvey Stone, managing director for consultancy Goodbye Chain Group. ‘With price, quality and service being relatively equal, a savvy customer is going to choose a RoHS-complaint product,’ he said.

KEY

1. A
2. B
3. E

EXPLANATION

  • Đầu tiên, gạch chân hoặc đánh dấu các items có trong bài văn.

1. What is comes down to is what Ken Stanvick, senior vice president at Design Chain Associates, calls a lack of ‘tribal knowledge’ on design RoHS-complaint systems. ‘We had a great tribal knowledge when it came to dealing with leaded systems, but we haven’t built up that same amount of knowledge for Pb-free’, he said. ‘Every problem will be blamed on Pb-free until it’s been worked out. We need to figure our tests that replicate more of the environment and different stresses that we’re going to see in this new system.’
2. Manny Marcano, president and CEO of EMA Design Automation Inc., cited the impact of parts obsolescence, including the need to redesign older products and the resultant emphasis on component engineering at the expense of conceptual design. A key challenge is identifying RoHS design specifications as early as possible in the design process, he said.

3. The products developer’s RoHS concerns center on the fear of lost revenue – from a products ban, a customer who demands a RoHS-complaint product that the company doesn’t have, or competittion’,  said Harvey Stone, managing director for consultancy Goodbye Chain Group. ‘With price, quality and service being relatively equal, a savvy customer is going to choose a RoHS-complaint product,’ he said.

  • Thứ 2, đọc kỹ các câu cho sẵn và đánh dấu các từ khóa.

A. claims that old products need to be redesigned
B. claims that customers will want a RoHS complaint product
C. states that many products will be RoHS exempt
D. predicts that design engineers will like RoHS
E. claims that more knowledge about Pb-free systems is needed

  • Chọn đáp án và giải thích

1. A

Tên Manny Marcano có trong đoạn văn thứ 2, và có chứa cụm từ ‘including the need to redesign older products’  có cùng nghĩa với câu A.

2. B

Đoạn 3 có chứa thông tin về Harvey Stone, anh ấy nói ‘a savvy customer is going to choose a RoHS-complaint product’.

3. E

Trong đoạn văn đầu tiên, tác giả có nhắc tới Ken Stanvick who is the only one talking about Pb-free.

2.2 Bài mẫu dạng bài Matching sentence endings

ielts-reading-matching-sentence-endings

Complete the following statements with the best ending A-G below.

1. There are, according to the writer, two educational camps: a centralized and
2. Unlike teacher, theoretical purists look down upon
3. The modern world dictates that students adopt

 

A. a flexible approach to teaching
B. an over-controlled approach
C. practical teachers
D. various learning methods
E. a controlled approach
F. a liberal approach
G. only a limited range of learning techniques

One finds oneself rebelling against a very controlled approach to education with its restrictions of centralization and, at the same time, against the liberal chaos that can at times prevail. There is a constant struggle between both camps of the educational divide, a struggle which invariably creates a jumbled mixture of educational provision. This is not to say that what is provided is totally unacceptable. Far from it.

In the educational world, picking and choosing from different theories, i.e. eclecticism, as is no doubt that the case in many other fields, is frowned upon by the theoretical purist, irrespective of which of the two above camps they belong to. The pragmatists, i.e. practical classroom teachers, know that they have to jump from one teaching method to another, trying out new ones and discarding the old. But they frequently return again to tried and trusted techniques, sometimes with a fresh insight. Experienced teachers know that essentially there is not just one method, but that people learn in many different ways.

Some learners use a single method, but the most sophisticated employ an array of different techniques, instinctively or subconsciously, picking and even adapting any approach to suit their needs, while the not-so effective learners stick to a limited repertoire or even one method. The practicalities of the real world demand, however, that students and trainers in every field be eclectic.

KEY

1. F
2. A
3. D

EXPLANATION

  • Đọc những câu chưa hoàn chỉnh 1 cách cẩn thận; gạch chân hoặc đánh dấu các từ khóa.

1. There are, according to the writer, two educational camps: a centralized and
2. Unlike teacher, theoretical purists look down upon
3. The modern world dictates that students adopt

  • Sử dụng các từ khóa có trong các câu chưa hoàn chỉnh và tìm chúng ở trong đoạn văn.

One finds oneself rebelling against a very controlled approach to education with its restrictions of centralization and, at the same time, against the liberal chaos that can at times prevail. There is a constant struggle between both camps of the educational divide, a struggle which invariably creates a jumbled mixture of educational provision. This is not to say that what is provided is totally unacceptable. Far from it.

In the educational world, picking and choosing from different theories, i.e. eclecticism, as is no doubt that the case in many other fields, is frowned upon by the theoretical purist, irrespective of which of the two above camps they belong to. The pragmatists, i.e. practical classroom teachers, know that they have to jump from one teaching method to another, trying out new ones and discarding the old. But they frequently return again to tried and trusted techniques, sometimes with a fresh insight. Experienced teachers know that essentially there is not just one method, but that people learn in many different ways.

Some learners use a single method, but the most sophisticated employ an array of different techniques, instinctively or subconsciously, picking and even adapting any approach to suit their needs, while the not-so effective learners stick to a limited repertoire or even one method. The practicalities of the real world demand, however, that students and trainers in every field be eclectic.

  • Đọc lướt qua các endings và gạch chân các từ khóa.

A. a flexible approach to teaching
B. an over-controlled approach
C. practical teachers
D. various learning methods
E. a controlled approach
F. a liberal approach
G. only a limited range of learning techniques

  • Chọn đáp án và giải thích.

1. F

Câu trả lời nằm ở đoạn văn đầu tiên.

Bạn có thể dễ dàng tìm thấy các thông tin được trình bày trong đoạn văn liên quan đến câu chưa hoàn chỉnh như centralization, against the liberal or both camps of the educational.

2. A

Câu trả lời nằm ở đoạn văn thứ hai.

Trong đoạn văn này, câu hoàn chỉnh sẽ tóm tắt nội dung là thái độ của các purists.

3. D

Câu trả lời nằm ở đoạn văn cuối cùng.

2.3 Bài mẫu dạng bài Classification

ielts-reading-classification

Classify the following features as characterizing

A. brown algae
B. green algae
C. red algae
D. brown and red algae
1. make up more than half of all seaweed species.
2. are found on land and in freshwater.
3. are nearly all marine. 

Seaweeds are algae that live in the sea or in brackish water. Scientists often call them ‘benthic marine algae’, which just means ‘attached algae that live in the sea’. Seaweeds come in three basic colors: red, green and brown: dulse is the red seaweed; sea lettuce is amongst the green algae; and he brown is a wrack. Red and brown algae are almost exclusively marine, whilst green algae are also common in freshwater and in terrestrial situations. Many of these algae are very ancient organisms, and although lumped together as ‘algae’ are not actually closely related, having representatives in four of the five kingdoms of organisms. There are about 10,500 species of seaweeds, of which 6,500 are red algae.

KEY

1. C
2. B
3. D

EXPLANATION

  • Đầu tiên, bạn nên gạch chân hoặc đánh dấu các loại có trong bài văn, đối với bài này là các danh từ chỉ màu sắc: red, green brown

Seaweeds are algae that live in the sea or in brackish water. Scientists often call them ‘benthic marine algae’, which just means ‘attached algae that live in the sea’. Seaweeds come in three basic colors: red, green and brown: dulse is the red seaweed; sea lettuce is amongst the green algae; and he brown is a wrack. Red and brown algae are almost exclusively marine, whilst green algae are also common in freshwater and in terrestrial situations. Many of these algae are very ancient organisms, and although lumped together as ‘algae’ are not actually closely related, having representatives in four of the five kingdoms of organisms. There are about 10,500 species of seaweeds, of which 6,500 are red algae.

  • Thứ 2, gạch chân hoặc đánh dấu các từ khóa trong các câu cho sẵn

1. Make up more than half of all seaweed species.
2. Are found on land and in freshwater.
3. Are nearly all marine. 

  • Chọn đáp án và giải thích

1. C

Câu trả lời nằm ở phần cuối của đoạn văn ‘There are about 10,500 species of seaweeds, of which 6,500 are red algae.” Đồng thời, cụm từ more than half có liên quan đến số lượng.

2. B

 Câu trả lời được chứa trong câu thứ 4 của đoạn văn ‘whilst green algae are also common in freshwater and in terrestrial situations’. Trong câu này bạn có thể tìm thấy từ đồng nghĩa của ‘land’, đó là ‘terrestrial’.

3. D

Bạn cũng có thể tìm thấy câu trả lời cho câu hỏi này ở câu thứ 4 của đoạn văn ‘Red and brown algae are almost exclusively marine’, và một từ đồng nghĩa với nearly all là almost exclusively.

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