IELTS Writing Task 2 – Phân tích bài mẫu Problems and Solutions

Hôm nay chúng ta cùng giải quyết đề IELTS writing task 2 sau để làm quen hơn với dạng bài Problems and Solutions nhé!

IELTS WRITING TASK 2 QUESTION: What are the key problems facing the world’s cities in the 21st century, and what can be done about them?

Đối với dạng Problems and Solutions như trên, các bạn luyện ielts cấp tốc có thể dựng bài essay với cấu trúc gợi ý sau:

Introduction: Giới thiệu topic của bài và đưa ra hai vấn đề lớn

Body 1: Nêu vấn đề thứ nhất – Một số giải pháp có thể thực hiện để giải quyết vấn đề đầu tiên

Body 2: Nêu vấn đề thứ hai – Một số giải pháp có thể thực hiện để giải quyết vấn đề thứ hai

Conclusion: Khẳng định mức độ nghiêm trọng của các vấn đề và tầm quan trọng của việc cần thực hiện các giải pháp

Dưới đây là một bài mẫu trong quyển Focus on IELTS cho đề trên, các bạn tham khảo ideas và cách triển khai ý của bài nhé!

What are the key problems facing the world’s cities in the 21st century, and what can be done about them?

Almost half the world’s population now live in urban areas and, as cities grow even larger, conditions for city dwellers are likely to get worse. Two of the most crucial problems, it can be argued, are housing and waste disposal.

Of these, housing is undoubtedly the most serious. People need clean, safe accommodation in which to live and raise their families. However, as populations rise, some people are forced to move to unsuitable housing which may lack such basic services as clean water and electricity, while others may actually become homeless. Any civilized society should try to prevent this situation. It is therefore essential for the authorities in major cities to take responsibility for the well-being of their poorest citizens and make the provision of secure, affordable housing a priority in their planning and budgeting. 

Waste disposal may seem a more trivial problem but uncontrolled rubbish is not only potentially dangerous but can also cause serious diseases. In the past, waste disposal was cheap and easy, as much rubbish was simply dumped in a convenient place. Today, however, there are numerous problems, including increased transport costs, which make waste disposal expensive, and a shortage of suitable space for depositing waste. The obvious answer is for communities to create less rubbish in the first place. Manufacturers must be persuaded to reduce the amount of packaging they produce, and people need to recycle their household waste efficiently.

In conclusion, it is clear that these are complex problems which will not be solved easily. However, unless we take steps to tackle them now they will represent even more serious challenges in future.

***Useful expressions from this model essay:

  • city dwellers
  • clean, safe accommodation in which to live and raise one’s family
  •  lack such basic services as clean water and electricity
  • a civilized society
  • to take responsibility for sth
  • the well-being of sb
  • make the provision of sth  a priority in sth
  • secure, affordable housing
  • a trivial problem
  •  a shortage of sth
  • to represent even more serious challenges in future

Các bạn tự học ielts có thể tham khảo thêm các bài học ielts writing task 2 khác liên tục update tại địa chỉ: http://msdiepielts.com/ielts-writing-task-2

 Ghi nguồn http://msdiepielts.com/ielts-writing-task-2/practice-ielts-writing-task-2/ielts-writing-task-2-sample-problemsolution-essay.html khi đăng tải lại bài viết này

Link: IELTS Writing Task 2 – SAMPLE Problem/Solution Essay

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